Diseases of the eye can be difficult to diagnose during a general physical examination. A doctor who specializes in treating eye problems, called an ophthalmologist, is better able to examine and diagnose these conditions because the tools they have are specific to the eyes. When you have an eye checkup, you will likely undergo a slit lamp exam.
You will usually have the slit lamp exam at an optometry or ophthalmology office. The exam is also called biomicroscopy. It allows the doctor to microscopically examine your eyes for any abnormalities or problems.